Social Science and Public Policy

Richard Freeman

backpublications - chapters in books

Introduction: knowing governance
Voß, J-P and Freeman, R

Knowing Governance sets out to understand governance through the making of knowledge about governance itself. We are interested in the means by which those who govern and those who engage with them come to know what they do: we seek to identify and explore the devices with which they work and the processes and practices and by which they establish and expand particular models and techniques. Drawing on work on governmentality, in interpretive policy studies and in science and technology studies we explain just how we might identify, problematize and investigate the elements of 'knowing governance'. We outline the set of case studies collected here, and conclude by pointing to more general questions of reification and reflexivity raised by our work.

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: London: Palgrave Macmillan
Date: 2015       Link: http://www.palgrave.com/page/detail/knowing-governance-/?isb=9781137514493


Introduction: knowledge in policy - embodied, inscribed, enacted
Freeman, R and Sturdy, S

The literature on the role of knowledge in policy making encompasses a striking diversity of views on just what knowledge is, what different types of knowledge there may be and how they are to be observed empirically. In this paper, we propose a new phenomenology of knowledge based not on 'who knows what, how and why' but on the form that knowledge takes. Drawing a simple analogy with the three phases of matter - solid, liquid and gas - we argue that knowledge too exists in three phases, which we characterise as embodied, inscribed and enacted. And just as matter may pass from one phase to another, so too knowledge moves and is transformed, through various kinds of action, between phases. We conclude by discussing some of the implications of our perspective for future work, both in research and policy.

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Bristol: Policy Press
Date: 2015       Link: http://www.policypress.co.uk/display.asp?k=9781447309987


Knowledge, policy and coordinated action: mental health in Europe
Freeman, R and Sturdy, S

As a knowledge-based international agency, WHO offers a useful opportunity to explore the nature of knowledge in policy making. Between 12 and 15 January 2005, a WHO Ministerial Conference on Mental Health in Europe took place in Helsinki: the Declaration and Action Plan it approved quickly became a touchstone for subsequent developments in mental health policy in Europe. Our discussion sets out just how embodied, inscribed and enacted knowledges are deployed in the production, development and dissemination of a policy initiative.

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Bristol: Policy Press
Date: 2015       Link: http://www.policypress.co.uk/display.asp?k=9781447309987


Knowledge and policy in research and practice
Freeman, R and Sturdy, S

We sum up this volume by restating our initial ambition, which was to develop a framework for investigation rather than to formulate any specific theory. We turn to each element of our model - embodied, inscribed, enacted - in turn, and consider what we have learned from their application and elaboration in the case studies collected here. We identify the implications of our work both for research design and method and for practice, and close by reflecting more abstractly on the relationship between knowledge and policy.

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Bristol: Policy Press
Date: 2015       Link: http://www.policypress.co.uk/display.asp?k=9781447309987


Introduction: governing Europe’s spaces: European Union re-imagined
Carter, C, Freeman, R and Lawn, M

What do we imagine when we imagine Europe and the European Union? What unacknowledged assumptions do we hold? This Introduction argues that, for a long time, EU studies has been dominated by discussions in which ‘the EU’ is consistently treated as an object: supranational, intergovernmental, multi-level, monotopia. Yet, theoretical debates over which image is ‘correct’, although important, are nonetheless camouflaging a more fundamental divide about how we can and should imagine Europe. And this is an ontological divide. Indeed, we argue that it is only through identifying this ontological divide that scholarship is enabled – if it so desires – to move away from imagining Europe as an object and think of Europe differently. We explain why we focus on ontology and set out our own starting point. Critically, rather than beginning by assuming the EU to be supranational or intergovernmental or some hybrid organisation, we instead start out by making inclusive assumptions about its causal structures. These are process-orientated, collectivist and interpretivist assumptions enabling us to re-imagine Europe as a space of action. We elaborate our concept of space –physical, symbolic, peopled, bordered, multiple and routinised – and ask where are these spaces of Europe and what goes on in them?

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Manchester: Manchester UP
Date: 2015       Link: www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/9780719091858


Rhizomic regulation: mobilising knowledge for mental health in Europe
Freeman, R, Smith-Merry, J and Sturdy, S

Regulation depends fundamentally upon the production and dissemination of knowledge. At a minimum, one might imagine a mechanical model of regulation which involves regulator A exerting control over the actions of actor B. But even here, knowledge is crucial, for B must know what kinds of actions A requires or considers appropriate if regulation is to occur. And A must ensure that its preferences are communicated effectively, in a form that B can comprehend and act upon. In real world situations, the knowledge problems associated with regulation are of course much more complex than this. Regulators need to have knowledge of the domain they are regulating, including the aims, interests and capacities of the various actors who inhabit that domain. Actors need to know how the regulators’ communications are to be interpreted, and what penalties they might face if they act incorrectly. And regulators and actors alike need to constantly update their knowledge of the system as a whole, and of how effectively regulation might be working to ensure that their interests are fulfilled. Regulation, in short, depends on the constant generation, circulation, interpretation and evaluation of knowledge. This chapter duly reports and discusses the findings of a study of the work of the World Health Organization (WHO) in defining the content of mental health policy in Europe.

Publication Type:       Source: Barroso, J and Carvalho, L M (eds) Knowledge and Regulatory Processes in Health and Education Policies, Lisbon: EDUCA
Date: 2012


'Policy opportunities'

What is policy? How do we do or make policy? Where and who with? What is it for, anyway, and what difference does it make? Good questions, though you wouldn't be asking them if you didn't already know that answering them isn't easy. You've read and heard a lot of stuff which seems to be called 'policy', and some other stuff which seems to be about 'the policy process', and you still have these questions. Forgive me, then, for wondering whether questions and answers are going to take us very far. I'd really like to know why you're asking, because then I think we'd get into conversation. Because we've never met, I'm going to have to imagine what you'd say and what I'd say in return. So what follows here is an imagined and implied conversation, in which you tell me the story of your first foray into policy making and I try to make sense of it...

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Global Mental Heath: Trauma and Recovery, A companion guide for field and clinical care of traumatized people worldwide, Cambridge MA: Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma
Date: 2011       Link: http://hprt-cambridge.org/?page_id=641


Introduction
Freeman R and Rowe, M

We are concerned here with community psychiatry, a particular way of knowing and thinking about mental illness and of responding to it. Community psychiatry, for our purposes, refers to all the policies, services, agencies and staff deployed in treating people with mental health problems who are poor and for whom publicly-funded services are the default, if not the only, option. Community psychiatry is public psychiatry. Our first purpose is educational, to set out for ourselves and others what community psychiatry is and has been, where it has come from, and where it might go. Our immediate aim is to explain how we think of community psychiatry, why we began this project, and how we set about it.

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: forthcoming in Rowe, M, Thompson, K, Lawless, M and Davidson, L (eds) Classics of Community Psychiatry: fifty years of public mental health outside the hospital, Oxford: Oxford UP
Date: 2011


Health
Freeman, R and Rothgang, H

This paper reviews comparative research on health policy in OECD countries, outlining the origins and development of health policy in the modern state and pointing to the different ways that development has been understood by welfare state scholars. We describe different standard forms of health system, discussing the ways health care is paid for, provided and regulated in advanced industrial countries, and comment on the emergence of a new domain of international and global health.

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Obinger, H, Pierson, C, Castles, F G, Leibfried, S and Lewis, J (eds) Oxford Handbook of the Welfare State, Oxford: Oxford UP
Date: 2010       Link: http://www.oup.com/us/catalog/general/subject/Politics/AmericanPolitics/PublicPolicy/?view=usa&ci=9780199579396


Comparing health systems

This chapter reviews the modes and functions of cross-national comparison in health services research and policy.

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Mullner, R (ed) Encyclopaedia of Health Services Research, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Date: 2009       Link: http://www.sagepub.com/booksProdDesc.nav?prodId=Book230716


Introduction
Marmor, T R, Freeman, R and Okma, K

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Marmor, T R, Freeman, R and Okma, K (eds) Comparative Studies and the Politics of Modern Medical Care, New Haven: Yale UP
Date: 2009       Link: http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/book.asp?isbn=9780300149838


The United Kingdom: health policy learning in the NHS
Exworthy, M and Freeman, R

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Marmor, T R, Freeman, R and Okma, K (eds) Comparative Studies and the Politics of Modern Medical Care, New Haven: Yale UP
Date: 2009       Link: http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/book.asp?isbn=9780300149838


Pharmaceutical politics in OECD countries

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Marmor, T R, Freeman, R and Okma, K (eds) Comparative Studies and the Politics of Modern Medical Care, New Haven: Yale UP
Date: 2009       Link: http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/book.asp?isbn=9780300149838


Western Europe, health systems of
Freeman, R and Schmid, A

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Heggenhougen, K and Quah, S (eds) International Encyclopaedia of Public Health, vol 6 San Diego: Academic Press/Elsevier
Date: 2008       Link: http://www.elsevierdirect.com/brochures/publichealth/index.html


Comparative perspectives and policy learning
Marmor, T, Freeman, R and Okma, K

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Morone, J A, Litman, T J and Robins, L S (eds) Health Politics and Policy, London: Cengage Delmar Learning
Date: 2008       Link: http://www.cengagebrain.com/tl1/en/US/storefront/ichapters?cmd=catProductDetail&ISBN=9781418014285&cid=APL1


Social democracy, uncertainty and health in Scotland

Health policy is as modern as social democracy. This is not to suggest that social democracy is some sort of 'cause' of health policy, but that their environments – political, economic, demographic, social and ideological – are shared. Underpinning all of these is a common, modern epistemology, which frames the causes and effects of social problems and the capacities of government in specific ways. This paper begins by outlining the conditions under which, historically, health policy has been made, in Scotland as elsewhere in Europe. It goes on to review health policy in Scotland since 1997 and finds much to confirm a social democratic model of government. But it also identifies elements of unease and uncertainty about what might be achieved, and how. It describes a new, emergent body of theory and practice in Scottish public health derived from an appreciation of complex systems. It points, too, to the widely-regarded work of the Millan Commission and the transformation of mental health legislation it set in train. Each provides indications of the ways in which both health and government might be renewed, and in which social democracy might be redefined.

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Keating, M (ed) Scottish Social Democracy: Progressive Ideas for Public Policy, Brussels: Peter Lang
Date: 2007       Link: http://www.peterlang.com/Index.cfm?vID=21066&vLang=E


Saglik Politikalari Süricinde Ögrenme [Learning in health policy]

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Keyder, C, Üstündag, Agartan, T and Yoltar, C (eds) Avrupa'da ve Türkiye'de Saglik Politikalari. Reformlar, sorunlar, tartismalar, Istanbul: Iletisim Yayinlari
Date: 2007       Link: http://www.iletisim.com.tr/kitap/avrupada-ve-t%C3%BCrkiyede-sa%C4%9Fl%C4%B1k-politikalar%C4%B1-1335.aspx


Learning in public policy

Introduction – Convergence, Diffusion, and Learning – Public Policy as Collective Puzzling – Learning in Practice – The Elements of Learning – Learning by Comparison

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Rein, M, Moran, M and Goodin, R E (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy, Oxford: Oxford UP
Date: 2006       Link: http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/oso/public/content/oho_politics/9780199548453/toc.html


Welfare, participation and dissent in public policy

Relationships between states and citizens are defined at least in part through respective obligations and entitlements to welfare. Harold Lasswell's 'Who gets what, when, how' is as good a definition of welfare as of politics: welfare is both source and target of a high proportion of political conflict in advanced industrial societies. For this reason, the study of welfare is an effective way in which the nature of political participation, as well as its changing form and extent, may be analysed and assessed. This chapter discusses different kinds of participation in welfare policy and provision, illustrated with examples from a variety of countries.

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Prokhovnik, R (ed) Making Policy, Shaping Lives, Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP; Open University coursebook for Government and Politics DD203
Date: 2005       Link: http://www.euppublishing.com/book/978-0-7486-1973-3


HIV and the blood supply in the United Kingdom: professionalization and pragmatism

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Bovens, M, t'Hart, P and Peters, B G (eds) Success and Failure in Governance. A comparative analysis of European states, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar
Date: 2001       Link: http://www.e-elgar.co.uk/bookentry_mainUS.lasso?id=1772


Reforming health care in Europe
Freeman, R and Moran, M

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Ferrera, M and Rhodes, M (eds) Recasting European Welfare States, London: Frank Cass
Date: 2000


Introduction: welfare, culture and Europe
Freeman, R, and Rustin, M

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Chamberlayne, P, Cooper, A, Freeman, R and Rustin, M (eds) Welfare and Culture in Europe. Towards a new paradigm in social policy, London: Jessica Kingsley
Date: 1999       Link: http://www.jkp.com/catalogue/book/9781853027000


Conclusion: a new culture of welfare
Freeman, R, Chamberlayne, P, Coooper, A and Rustin, M

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Chamberlayne, P, Cooper, A, Freeman, R and Rustin, M (eds) Welfare and Culture in Europe. Towards a new paradigm in social policy, London: Jessica Kingsley
Date: 1999       Link: http://www.jkp.com/catalogue/book/9781853027000


Institutions, states and cultures: health policy and politics in Europe

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Clasen, J (ed) Comparative Social Policy. Concepts, theories and methods, Oxford: Blackwell
Date: 1999       Link: http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0631207732,descCd-description.html


The German model: the state and the market in health care reform

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Ranade, W (ed) Markets and Health Care. A comparative analysis, Harlow: Longman
Date: 1998       Link: http://vig.pearsoned.co.uk/catalog/academic/product/0,1144,0582289858,00.html


Prevention as a problem of modernity: the example of HIV and AIDS
Scott, S and Freeman, R

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Gabe, J (ed) Medicine, Health and Risk. Sociological Approaches, Sociology of Health and Illness Monograph Series, Oxford: Blackwell
Date: 1995


The German Social State: an introduction
Freeman, R and Clasen, J

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Clasen, J and Freeman, R (eds) Social Policy in Germany, Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf
Date: 1994


 

Prevention in health policy in the United Kingdom and the NHS
Allsop, J and Freeman, R

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Mills, M (ed) Prevention, Health and British Politics, Aldershot: Avebury
Date: 1993


 

Governing the voluntary sector response to AIDS: a comparative study of the UK and Germany

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Kuhnle, S and Selle, P (eds) Government and Voluntary Organizations. A relational perspective, Aldershot: Avebury
Date: 1992


 

The idea of prevention: a critical review

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Scott, S J, Williams, G H, Platt, S D and Thomas H A (eds) Private Risks and Public Dangers, Aldershot: Avebury
Date: 1992


The politics of AIDS in Britain and Germany

Publication Type: chapter in book      Source: Aggleton, P, Davies, P and Hart, G (eds) AIDS: Rights, Risk and Reason, papers from the fifth conference on Social Aspects of AIDS, Brighton: Falmer
Date: 1992


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